Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness characterized by hallucinations, delusions and other symptoms. The kind of schizophrenia that most people are aware of is the paranoid type. However, there are other forms of the disease.
Those with paranoid schizophrenia have delusions and auditory hallucinations. However, they still retain normal intellectual functioning and can express their emotions properly. Many times the delusions have to do with them being persecuted by someone or even an organization.
People who have disorganized type schizophrenia have disorganized speech and behavior. They may be difficult to understand and their emotions can have a “flattened” effect or be inappropriate for the situation. They might seem preoccupied with their own thoughts. The behavior might cause a disruption in normal activities, making it difficult for them to do basic things like bathing or dressing themselves.
This type of schizophrenia has symptoms of both paranoid and disorganized schizophrenia, but not quite enough to medically classify patients of one of the above.
Those with this type of schizophrenia have a history of at least one episode of the disorder, but the patient has no “positive” symptoms. Examples of positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech or behavior.
Schizophrenia, no matter the type, is a serious mental illness. It requires treatment by a psychiatrist and other mental health professionals. As with many other mental health disorders, those with schizophrenia can be affected in varying degrees. While some may still be able to take care of themselves and even work or go to school, there are others who have it so severe that they to be in a group home or hospital.